Dental cavities are caused by bacteria in the mouth that convert sugars in the foods we eat to acids. These acids eventually break down the tooth surface to cause a hole or a cavity.
Dental cavities are also known as Early Childhood Caries (ECC) which is a transmissible and infectious disease that may begin as soon as the first tooth erupts. ECC is the most chronic infectious disease of childhood being five times more common than asthma and seven times more common than hay fever!
Baby teeth are extremely important! Here are some of the functions of baby teeth:
Your child should visit the paediatric dentist as soon as the first tooth erupts and no later than age one.
Early visits allow the paediatric dentist to educate you about the preventive strategies necessary in hopefully having a cavity-free childhood.
The frequency of your child’s dental visits is dependent on their risk for cavities. A child with a high cavity risk may see a dentist as often as every three months.
A child with a low risk of developing dental cavities may see a paediatric dentist every six months.
Research has shown that gum disease can increase the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight and pre-eclampsia.
In addition, mothers with poor oral health are at greater risk of transferring the bacteria that causes cavities to their children.
Oral care tips during pregnancy: